Stop racist sport!

An Interview with Krish Naidoo, General Secretary of the National Sports Congress (NSC)

IN 1960, South Africa took part in the Olympic Games for the last time. Soon afterwards, the African countries got together and made a resolution calling for an international boycott of South African sports. The Resolution was adopted. Since then, any tours to South Africa have been rebel tours.

This year, Mike Gatting and his British cricket team have come here to play cricket. Everywhere the cricketers go, they meet with thousands of people telling them to go home. In restaurants and hotels, the staff have downed tools and refused to serve the rebels. And on the playing fields, the applause of the few spectators is drowned out by the steady hum of freedom songs from those outside the stadium gates.

Untitled0-47

Nconde Balfour, chairperson of the NSC, announces the Anti-Cricket Tour Campaign at a press conference in January this year

Learn and Teach spoke to Krish Naidoo, the General Secretary of the National Sports Congress (NSC), the organisation that has spearheaded the Anti-Cricket Tour Campaign.

Learn and Teach: Could you please give us some background to the National Sports Congress (NSC). How and when did it start?

Untitled0-48

Krish Naidoo, General Secretary of the NSC

Krish Naidoo: The UDF began to be concerned with sports and culture in 1985. In the same year, it campaigned against the New Zealand All Blacks rugby tour. The UDF made it clear to the team they couldn’t play in a country where apartheid is felt in each and every aspect of life, even sport. The tour was cancelled.

In 1986, the UDF established its Sports Desk, with the aim of working with UDF affiliates. In April 1988, we decided to form a broader sports organisation, called the National Sports Congress. Today, we have both regional and national structures and our membership has been open to all local sports clubs since December last year.

Learn and Teach: What are the NSC’s aims?

Krish Naidoo: Our policy is based on three legs. The first one is unity — we believe that in a post-apartheid South Africa there will be only one sports movement. The second leg is the development of sport — in Africa, too little attention is given to sports. We are trying to develop sports people for a post-apartheid South Africa.

The last leg is preparation — we are preparing our sports people to play a meaningful role in the new non-racial democratic society we are building.

As part of our programme of action we have organised Soccer Unity talks. They are going well and we hope that by the year 1992 we will have one soccer federation. We are also involved in unity talks in sports such as tennis and table tennis.

Untitled0-49

A kitskonstabel on guard outside the change rooms of the English cricketers

Learn and Teach: About Mike Gatting’s English Cricket tour— could you please talk about the campaign against it.

Krish Naidoo: Last year we met with the South African Cricket Union (SACU) and told them to forget about the English Cricket tour. We said they should instead solve the problems in sports in South Africa, such as the division in sport along racial lines. SACU refused to cancel the tour.

We then sent representatives of the UDF and COSATU to meet with the English cricketers. The cricketers still said they would not cancel. It was then that we decided to form the Anti-Cricket Tour Campaign. We have organised protest demonstrations against the tour like those that have taken place at Jan Smuts airport and Bloemfontein.

Learn and Teach: What are the aims of the campaign?

Krish Naidoo: Simply to stop the tour. But we have also decided to use this anti-tour campaign to educate our people about the sports struggle. At the same time, the campaign has shown us how much support we have. We hope that this will be the last rebel tour in this country.

Learn and Teach: What do you say to those whites who say that it is their democratic right to invite and watch Gatting and the English Cricket team?

Krish Naidoo: That is a mad understanding of democracy! They are not genuine with themselves because if they were truly democratic, they would do what the majority of the people in this country and the world are doing — that is, to reject the tour.

Learn and Teach: What gains have been made so far in the anti-tour campaign?

Krish Naidoo: We have had the chance to explain to our people about the sports struggle. We have made links with other sports organisations inside and outside South Africa. And we have had the chance to lay the basis for a mass sports movement in the future. Most importantly, we have educated and organised our people against apartheid sports.

Learn and Teach: Mike Gatting and his fellows have been called “rebels” and “mercenaries”. Do you agree with these descriptions?

Krish Naidoo: Yes! Mike Gatting and his English cricketers are breaking the laws of the world sports movement. We are not the founders of those laws — the international community is. So Gatting and his fellows are rebelling against the world.

Untitled0-50

Hotel workers at the Sandton Sun in Johannesburg protest against Mike Gatting’s rebel tour

Learn and Teach: Some time ago on TV we saw some black people in Bloemfontein protesting in favour of the tour. Who are these people?

Krish Naidoo: Those were school children who were transported from Bophuthatswana by SACU. They were not from Kimberley. We have learnt that they were paid to come and protest in favour of the tour. It was sort of a Rent-a-protester business. It makes a mockery of SACU and its leader AN Bacher, because people are asking why they used black children. This proves true that “SACU is riding to fame on the backs of blacks.”

Learn and Teach: Why has Mike Gatting’s tour been targeted? Other sports people who have broken the boycott, like the golfers at the Sun City “Million Dollar Tournament” and the recent American athletics team, did not experience the same protest actions as the cricket tour.

Krish Naidoo: We are still a new organisation, and we are doing it slowly but surely. We are still educating our people. We are planning more meetings to educate our people about other sports.

Learn and Teach: What is the NSC’s relationship to the South African Council of Sports (SACOS) and to the South African Non-Racial Olympics Committee (SANROC)?

Krish Naidoo: We have a working relationship with SANROC, although we do not have formal links. SANROC has helped us a great deal during this Anti-Cricket Tour Campaign. Among other things, we have used their offices in Britain to launch our campaign there against this tour.

Our relationship with SACOS is not easy to explain. It is too early to talk of unity between the two organisations, but what I can say is that we have a very good relationship with some of SACOS’ sporting codes, especially cricket and rugby. Some of the officials and members of these codes are also NSC Interim Executive Committee members. We have discussed the question of unity with SACOS several times and we hope that SACOS will in future see itself as one of those forces that are fighting for unity in this country.

Learn and Teach: What is the NSC’s position on sporting contacts with other nations or sports people from other nations?

Krish Naidoo: The International Campaign Against Apartheid Sport (ICAAS) says that no nation or sports people from other countries should have contact with South Africa until apartheid is completely destroyed. We are part of that world community.

Untitled0-51

The hot sun didn’t stop this comrade from protesting against the rebel tour

Learn and Teach: Are there any exceptions to the NSC’s policy? In other words, are there any situations where the NSC would support sporting contact with other countries?

Krish Naidoo: The only exception is when we encourage people to go to other countries for training only. But those sports people must come back and share their skills with others. This is part of our 1990 programme of action.

Learn and Teach: What is the NSC’s opinion of SACU’s township cricket coaching clinics? Do you see this as a sincere attempt to promote non-racial sport, or just an attempt to fool the world community?

Krish Naidoo: I have said that development is part of our programme. But our people have problems with SACU’s programme because they were not properly consulted by SACU. We learnt that they only consulted the DET, an apartheid structure that our people do not support.

In townships like Atteridgeville in Pretoria, people are organising against SACU’s cricket programme. The NSC is also planning to replace SACU’s pro­grammes with our democratic ones.

Learn and Teach: Under what conditions will the sports boycott be lifted?

Krish Naidoo: For the sports boycott to be lifted, the South African sports people have to get their house in order. They have to be united and fight against apartheid. All of them — black and white — have the serious task of getting together and solving the problems of sponsorships and apartheid in sports.

We are quite confident that within two years we will have addressed these problems. We hope to see our sports people marching hand in hand with the masses of our people towards a non-racial democratic country. Then we shall be saying that conditions are ripe for the sports boycott to be lifted!

NEW WORDS
objectives — aims
mercenaries — people who are only interested in money
an attempt — when you make an attempt to do something, you try to do it
make a mockery of something — make something look stupid
address a problem — discuss a problem and try to solve it

We built this city-EGOLI

Untitled0-15This year Johannesburg is 100 years old. The Johannesburg City Council wanted people to come together for Jo’burg’s birthday. They started a committee called the Johannesburg centenary Festival Committee (JCFA).

The Festival Committee wanted to organise sports,games and musical shows. They wanted to have big birthday parties in the streets of Joburg. They even built a city called Gold Reef City, which looks like Jo’burg one hundred years ago.

TWO QUESTIONS

But other people were also thinking about Joburg’s birthday. They also started a committee for Joburg’s birthday. This committee is called Cosco — Community Support Committee.

Cosco had two questions about Jo’burg’s birthday. Their questions were, “What does Joburg mean to most people? and “What is the City Council going to do with all the money they make?”

TWO ANSWERS

Cosco said that many businessmen had made a lot of money out of Joburg and the mines. But for most people Joburg is a hard place to live in and to work in. Wages are bad and houses are small, people are arrested, children are shot. Can people have a party about these things — no, they said, use the money for everyone. They hoped to get more than a hundred million rands. But only R6 million was going to be used in the townships — the rest was for “white” Joburg.

COSCO STARTS TALKING

“We spoke to many people,” said Cosco. “We spoke to unions like Azactu, Cusa and Cosatu. We spoke to sports organisations like the National Soccer League (NSL),NationaL Professional Soccer League (NPSL), South African Council of Sport (SACOS), boxers and other sports people.

“We also spoke to the Soweto Chamber of Commerce, churches, teachers, welfare organisations, students and many others. Everyone agreed with us — there was nothing to have a party about.

ARTISTS UNITED AGAINST APARTHEiD

“We spoke to musicians. We went to see them one by one. The first person we spoke to was Sipho “Hotstix” Mabuse, then Mara Louw and a few others. They told us to leave it to them.

“They had a meeting and they decided to call themselves “Artists United Against Apartheid.” They wanted to show the people that musicians and artists are not with Jo’burg’s birthday.

Untitled0-16

NO POLITICS PLEASE

The Festival Committee was very upset when they heard that Cosco wanted people to boycott Jo’burg’s birthday.They said, “We are not interested in politics. We only want people to have a good time.

“Companies like Anglo American promised us nearly 140 million rand. We were going to use that money to make Jo’burg a better place. We wanted to start 15 projects for Soweto and Alexandra.

“But now groups like Cosco stopped us. They wanted to boycott everything to do with Jo’burg’s birthday. They also said they will punish any firm that gives us money.”

COSCO WILL TELL

Cosco says they did not stop any company. “The companies came to us,” said a spokesperson from Cosco. “We told them that they can give so much money to Joburg’s birthday but they still pay their workers badly. We told them if they give money to the Festival Committee, we will tell our people about it.”

After this, the Rand Show and Gold Reef City quickly said “We are not part of Joburg’s birthday.” They did not want to be boycotted. Many big companies also decided not to give money. Joburg’s 100 birthday candles were quickly blown out.

HURTING PEOPLE WHO NEED HELP

The Festival Committee also said we were hurting people who needed help.” say Cosco. “But we spoke to the people that the Festival Committee promised money.

“One group is an organisation for blind people in Soweto. The Festival Committee said they would give them one million rands — if they went on TV. These people came to Cosco and we spoke about it. Then they went back and said no to the Festival Committee. “The Festival Committee also promised money to the Self Help Association for Paraplegics (SHAP).

They also said, “No, thank you”. Then the Festival Committee told the newspapers that we stopped the cripples and the blind from getting money. But we did not do this — it was the blind and the cripples themselves who said no.”

MONEY FOR THE PEOPLE

The Festival Committee told Learn and Teach, “We will give the money for the townships to Cosco or to anybody who wants it. They must talk to the companies who are giving the money. They must see that the projects get the money — not as part of Joburg’s birthday but as projects of the big companies.”

“If the Festival Committee wants to give the money to us, they must give it,” say Cosco. “We will give it to the people. Then the people can choose how to spend the money. As far as we can see people need homes — not parks and sports stadiums like the Festival Committee wants to build.” Maybe the Festival Committee will learn from COSCO. If the Festival Committee spoke to the people and not for them, then the people of Egoli will be happy — and Egoli will be a better place for everyone to live and work in.